The Londonderry Project

This project is a cultural exploration of the town of Londonderry, New Hampshire. From its founding in 1719 to the present day, the culture of Londonderry was a continuum. While the town passed through several cultural contexts in those 250 years, certain events and forces related them all to one another. However, after the mid 1960s the town underwent a period of massive population growth that transformed the cultural context of the town into something unlike the contexts that had come before.

Londonderry is no longer the small agricultural settlement it was in 1719. Nor is it the agricultural New England town that existed in the 19th Century. It is not even the rural, blue-collar town of the 1950s. These three cultural contexts are all part of the cultural continuum of Londonderry that began in 1719. Today, Londonderry is a suburb that is not related to the cultural contexts that came before it. It has a cultural context all its own. Yet modern Londonderry still exhibits manifestations of the old cultural continuum, such as the town meeting and the common, that lead people to believe that the Londonderry of 1995 is the same place culturally as the Londonderry that existed before 1960.

While many residents of Londonderry may believe that the town is just a larger version of that which existed before 1960, many others are aware of the fact that the town has changed greatly over the past thirty years. However, nobody can pin down what exactly happened between the 1960s and the present. Using socioeconomic statistics and material culture evidence, this study explains what happened.

This study explores the culture of Londonderry by looking at the initial cultural characteristics of the town and how the townspeople transformed those characteristics into the continuum that governed Londonderry's cultural development for 250 years. The study then turns to the manifestations of the population growth of the past thirty years to establish the end of the cultural continuum that was uniquely Londonderry's and the replacement of that continuum with a new culture that is unrelated to Londonderry. Finally, the study concludes with an examination of the problems that arose in Londonderry from the cultural displacement.

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Index of Pages

  • The New England Frontier Town
  • Londonderry: Initial Settlement
  • Town Meeting: Introduction
  • Town Meeting Structure: Executive Branch
  • Town Meeting Structure: Legislative Branch
  • Town Meeting and Londonderry
  • Settlement Londonderry: Conclusion
  • Town Common: Introduction
  • Religious Stress in Londonderry
  • Agricultural Stresses and the Common
  • Town Common: Conclusion
  • The Town Hall
  • The Methodist Church
  • The Soldier's Memorial
  • Agriculture at the Turn of the Century
  • The Apple Orchards
  • The Grange Hall
  • The Bicentennial Celebration
  • The Revolutionary War Memorial
  • The Bandstand
  • Socioeconomic Statistics: Introduction
  • Socioeconomic Statistics Index
  • Socioeconomic Statistics: Conclusions
  • Old Home Day
  • The Modern Town Meeting: Introduction
  • Town Meeting: Quantifiable Manifestations of Change
  • Town Meeting Stress: 1970-1980
  • Town Meeting Stress: 1980-1990
  • Town Meeting Stress: Conclusion
  • The Built Form of Londonderry: Building Patterns
  • The Built Form of Londonderry: Architectural Composition
  • Conclusion: Culture Lag

    Index of Charts and Figures

  • Percentage of Land Area in Farms: 1850-1910
  • Agricultural Employment: 1870-1910
  • Architectural Makeup of Londonderry: 1960-1994
  • Age and Sex Distribution of the Population: 1990
  • Housing Construction by Style: Pre-1960
  • Housing Construction By Style: 1960-1969
  • Housing Construction By Style: 1970-1979
  • Housing Construction By Style: 1980-1989
  • Housing Construction By Style: 1990-1995
  • Comparative Growth Rates in Southern New Hampshire: 1960-1990
  • Regional Growth by Population: 1960-1990
  • New Hampshire Dairy Production: 1870-1890
  • Educational Breakdown of Londonderry
  • Education vs. Employment: 1969-1989
  • Family Income in Londonderry: 1969-1989
  • Females in the Work Force: 1969-1989
  • Household Income in Londonderry: 1969-1989
  • Change in Houehold Size: 1979-1990
  • Change in Income vs. Population Change: 1969-1989
  • Employment in Londonderry by Occupation: 1969
  • Employment in Londonderry by Occupation: 1979
  • Employment in Londonderry by Occupation: 1989
  • Per Capita Income in Londonderry: 1969-1989
  • Percent Population Growth By Race: 1969-1989
  • Sex Composition of the Population: 1969-1989
  • Residential Tenure vs. Change in Population: 1969-1989
  • Population of Londonderry: 1790-1990
  • Travel Time to Work for Londonderry: 1979
  • Travel Time to Work for Londonderry: 1989
  • Travel Time to Work for Rural Areas: 1989
  • Travel Time to Work for Suburbs: 1989
  • Valuation of Property in Londonderry: 1918-1993
  • Women in the Workforce: Employment by Occupation, 1969
  • Women in the Workforce: Employment by Occupation, 1979
  • Women in the Workforce: Employment by Occupation, 1989
  • Ed Carr's Home Page