Monuments and Dust
London Times: 26 Jan 1850
The Great Exhibition of Industry, 1851. Meeting at the Mansion-House.
Yesterday a highly respectable meeting of the merchants, bankers, and traders of the city of London was held at the Egyptian-Hall, Mansion-house, for the purpose of taking into consideration certain resolutions having in view the promotion of the grand Exhibition of 1851 of the industry of all nations.
Shortly after 2 o'clock the Lord Mayor -- followed by the Right Hon. H. Labouchere, Lord Granville, Sir E. N. Buxton, Mr. W. Cotton, Mr. Humphrey, M.P., Mr. Raikes Currie, M.P., Mr. T. Baring, M.P., Sheriffs Lawrence and Nicoll, the Governor of the Bank, the Deputy-Governor, Lord R. Grosvenor, M.P., Alderman Thompson, M.P., Mr. Forster, M.P., Alderman Hooper, Mr. W. Tite, Mr. W. C. Kent, Mr. A. Caldecott, Mr. S. J. Loyd, Rev. T. Binney, Undersheriffs Millard and Wire, Alderman Finnis, Mayor Finnis, Mr. J. T. Travers, Baron Rothschild, M.P., Rev. S. R. Cattley, Mr. J. Bates, Mr. W. Cubitt, M.P., Mr. T. Cubitt, Mr. H. Harvey, Mr. J. H. Palmer, Mr. C. Francis, Mr. T. Basley, chairman of the Manchester Chamber of Commerce, Mr. R. W. Kennard, Mr. C. Hill, late Sheriff, Rev. C. Marshall, Mr. H. Cole, Mr. W. C. Dilke, Mr. J. H. Pilcher, Mr. J. Masterman, jun, Captain Ibbotson, and Sir James Duke -- entered the hall and was received with plaudits. Lord J. Russell arrived soon after the commencement of the proceedings and was greeted with great applause.
The LORD MAYOR, having taken the chair, explained that he called the meeting at the request of the Royal Commissioners, in order that a subscription might be commenced to carry out the magnificent project of his Royal Highness Prince Albert for an exhibition of the works of industry of all nations. (Applause.)
Mr. W. Cotton moved the first resolution: --
"That the proposal of his Royal Highness the Prince Albert to open an exhibition of the works of industry of all nations, in the year 1851, in this metropolis, is a measure in harmony with the public feeling, and entitled to the general support of the community, and eminently calculated to improve manufactures, and to aid in diffusing the principles of universal peace."
The object to carry out which they had met together was one in which they ought all to take a lively interest. It was not confined exclusively to the exposition of the industry of their own countrymen, but it was in invitation to all the people of the earth to display in this great metropolis the fruits oft their industry and talent in one great comprehensive exhibition. (Applause.) Whatever originated with that illustrious individual, Prince Albert, was entitled to the most favourable consideration from every inhabitant of this land. (Applause.) There was nothing to which his Royal Highness directed his attention which did not deserve to have the cordial support of every individual in this country. He was sure he spoke the feeling of every inhabitant of Great Britain when he said they had come for great gratitude to Almighty God for having placed Prince Albert in the eminent position which he occupied. (Cheers.) He thought it unnecessary to press on their notice the fact that Prince Albert had on all occasions not merely devoted his best attention to everything conducive to the happiness and welfare of the country, but that on many occasions, whether the purpose was to promote the arts or to improve the condition of the labouring classes of this country, the Prince seemed to give a charm and a vigour to every effort made for the accomplishment of those objects. (Applause.) With regard to the contemplated exhibition of 1851, he thought no argument was needed to show that, as stated in the resolution, it was in harmony with public feeling, and if so, it followed, as a natural consequence, that it was entitled to general support. He was anxious that this great effort should be supported, not by a few opulent individuals, but that the people of the country generally should come forward, according to their means, to accomplish the object. (Hear, hear.) It was the number of names which would show better the feeling of the country and prove that the object was entitled to general support. (Hear, hear.) It was the number of names which would show better the feeling of the country and prove that the object was entitled to general support. (Hear, hear.) The subscription had been nobly commenced by Her Majesty, to whom they must ever look up with reverence as their Sovereign, and with the sincerest affection and loyalty (applause); and he was satisfied that the examples which the Queen and her Illustrious Consort had set would be followed by numbers according to their means. (Hear.) In reference to the last part of the resolution, he observed that nothing was more calculated to promote art and science, and encourage industry, as the knowledge of what men of skill and ingenuity were doing in distant parts of the world. (Hear, hear.) He believed that the good result of the contemplated exhibition would be shown by the conduct of those who beheld it, who would return to their homes, whether here or abroad, determined to exert themselves in the arts of peace and usefulness, upon which the prosperity of the world must mainly depend. (Applause.) One most beneficial result of the contemplated exhibition would be the preservation of peace and friendly intercourse with other nations; and they would meet together, not in war for the destruction of human life, but in a Christian and amicable contest to increase the comforts and enjoyments of life. (Applause.)
Mr. J. DILLON seconded the resolution, and observed, that in speaking of the proposed exhibition every one mechanically dwelt on the circumstance that it was an exhibition not for one nation, but for all nations. That was what was philosophically called the essence of the subject. (Hear, hear.) The resolution stated that the exhibition was in harmony with public feeling. It might easily be imagined that it was in harmony with the feelings of the philanthropist and philosopher and with the wishes of statesmen; but to find such an exhibition in harmony with public feeling was evidence of the extraordinary progress of public opinion and of the rapid extension of enlightened views and of liberal principles. (Cheers.) He believed nothing could be more true than the expression in the resolution, that the exhibition would tend to improve manufactures. It had been said in reference to the offer of rewards -- "What! would you really give rewards to encourage foreign manufacturers to excel your own countrymen?" He answered, Yes; he would give reward for that noble purpose; and having done that he would give further rewards to enable our countrymen to excel foreigners. (Applause.) It was a solid principle, that in trade, manufacture, commerce, and other pursuits, the only real source of excellence, perhaps, was competition, conducted on enlightened principles. Let them have public competition with the world in this exhibition with respect to art and manufactures, and it was his belief that his countrymen would triumph in the contest (Hear, hear.) In conclusion, he observed that the proposed exhibition would tend to the preservation of the blessing of peace, and that, as hitherto too many of our struggles with foreign countries had been struggles of war, the proposed exhibition would afford the spectacle of a peaceful contest and rivalry in the improvement of manufactures and art. (Applause.)
The resolution was then put and carried unanimously.
Mr. R. CURRIE moved the second resolution, --
"That this meeting entirely concurs in the reasons which have induced the Royal Commission to terminate the contract with the Messrs. Munday, and to rest the success of the proposed exhibition entirely upon public liberality."
He observed that the task of the commissioners was naturally one of labour and difficulty, without which no great work could be achieved; but the meeting might rest assured that the labour would be confronted and the difficulties overcome. (Hear, hear.) The commissioners appeared to have been selected with the greatest impartiality and judgement (hear, hear); every shade of political opinion, and men of various ranks and occupations -- all distinguished and remarkable in their respective spheres -- being found among them. (Applause.) There were on the commission men of high rank, more ennobled by their patronage and cultivation of art and science; artists and men of science, who had done honour to their country; and men most efficiently representing the banking, commercial, and manufacturing interests; and they found at the head of that commission, not as a nominal and merely ornamental chairman, but as the very life and soul of the undertaking, the Prince Consort. (Cheers.) He needed not remind that meeting that the great undertaking mainly originated with and would no doubt be assiduously and carefully watched over by his Royal Highness Prince Albert -- by him who was associated and identified already with much that was wise, good, and useful -- by him who since his auspicious connection with this country had won his way by a quiet, unobtrusive, but most consistent course, until at last the very mention of his name called up in the minds of Englishmen the deepest feelings of affectionate respect. (Applause.) He should say no more, for he well knew that his fellow citizens, over and above the interest which they must and did feel in this great national experiment, would rejoice in this opportunity of co-operating energetically with his Royal Highness Prince Albert in the promotion of this magnificent and patriotic object. (Applause.)
Mr. T. BARING, in seconding the resolution, observed that at no happier moment could this project be promoted, and at not better time could it be offered to the support of their fellow countrymen. The plan emanated from the illustrious personage nearest the throne, who had already earned the esteem and the affection of the English people by his virtues and attainments, and who now showed how fully he appreciated the industry, they energy, the perseverance, and enterprise of Englishmen by inviting them to compete with all nations in an exhibition of the results of their industry, (Hear, hear.) Though proceeding from that high authority, the project was likewise supported by other considerations. It was an invitation to the world from Englishmen to compete, not with any feelings of hostility, which it was hoped were for ever extinguished, but with a noble sentiment of rivalry; and it was offered at this time as a guarantee of the maintenance and continuance of peace. (Applause.) Indeed, it was the result of long continued peace, because, in time of war, or shortly after the termination of war, such a plan would be impracticable. It formed the best guarantee that the English people and the English Government wished for the maintenance of the existing peace; and it would go forth to the world, as the public declaration of the English people, that they did not believe at present in the possibility of war, or the exhibition of the works of all nations would not be projected for 1851. (Hear, hear.) As regarded this country it was, he presumed, hoped that the contemplated exhibition might stimulate English industry, create fresh branches, and further develop those which existed. The resolution which he seconded stated that the meeting approved of the reasons for terminating the contract with Messrs. Munday. That contract might have been necessary at the time when first entered into, in order to give to the world some evidence that the plan would in some shape be brought into execution; but it did not meet with general concurrence, from the notion that every individual should, as far as possible, give his consent to the project; and when the matter was confined to a contract, that seemed rather to exclude an appeal to public contributions. That contract was now terminated, and it was the people of England that the Royal Commissioners appealed. (Hear, hear.) As citizens of London they were proud that the first appeal was made to them, and he trusted no gentleman present could doubt that the appeal would be successful. (Hear, hear.)
The resolution was carried unanimously.
LORD J. RUSSELL, on coming forward to move the next resolution, was received with applause. He said that it was in the capacity of member for that great city that he intended to address the following resolution, which he should propose: --
"That in the opinion of this meeting the arguments made for this exhibition should be upon a scale commensurate with the importance of the ???, and the ??? funds required for this purpose ought to be provided by the voluntary contributions of individuals rather than from the public revenue."
The former part of the resolution stated it to be the opinion of the that the preparations made for the contemplated exhibition should be on a scale commensurate with the importance of the occasions and when he to the importance of the occasion, he thought he should be giving a very inaccurate view of its importance if he were to say, that it was the object of the nation; and he would only be giving a true and adequate account of the occasion by stating it was an object beneficial to all nations. (Applause.) What they had to do was to endeavour to bring into one view those various productions of manufactures and science which might show how much skill and industry had been able to effect, and in what manner those productions might be carried to perfection. That was an object in which all nations had an interest; and the English people would benefit, not themselves merely, but all the inhabitants of the globe if they succeeded in the object in view. (Hear, hear.) If frequently that there were brought under his considerations inventions exhibiting great skill, and displaying very often great science, which were for the purpose of increasing the means by which men might destroy one another. It happened continually that he heard, for instance, that in one country means had been discovered by which men might be killed at three or four times the distance hitherto possible; that in another country an invention had been hit upon with respect to the musket, enabling the soldiers to fire six times in a period wherein before they had only been able to discharge their muskets once; and that in another place discoveries had been made by which, it was said, that a ship could in a few minutes be so injured that the whole of the crew must perish in a very short time. Such were the inventions they continually heard of from different parts; and which every country, careful of its independence, was obliged to imitate and adopt, and those who made the inventions reaped rewards from the different Governments they served. But with respect to the contemplated exhibition, its object would be to prove how that arts and benefits of peace were to be improved: to show that, while some men were carrying to great perfections the arts of destruction, there were others who taught how mankind might have better and cheaper articles of clothing, how every house might be better furnished, and how people might be able to communicate with one another from the most distant parts of the world, and reciprocate all those things which improve, civilize, and elevate the character of man. (Cheers.) If such, then, were the object -- and if he had succeeded in showing that it was not partial, incomplete, or narrow object, he thought they would agree with him in supporting the conclusion of the resolution, namely, that the funds, requisite for such ought to be provided by the voluntary contributions of individuals rather than from the public revenue. (Hear, hear.) Such was the view taken at the beginning of this enterprise, and such was the view taken by his Royal Highness Prince Albert, who had been justly referred to as the originator of this undertaking. (Applause.) He thought that the meeting would concur in the conclusion that such ought to be the case (hear, hear); and he could feel no doubt that the subscriptions which would fall in -- first from the metropolis, and then from every district in the country -- would show that the people were determined to prove, by providing the means for carrying out the exhibition on the largest scale, that they were not unworthy of the grand enterprise thus undertaken. (Applause.) Those who succeeded in distinguishing themselves at the contemplated exhibition, by their skill, inventions, ingenuity, and by the perfection to which they brought the products they exhibited, would be men whose names would be justly repeated over the whole globe as men remarkable for effecting objects which must be useful to all mankind (hear, hear); and if such were their true character, he did think that their fame ought to be commensurate with that of other benefactors of mankind to whose memory the proudest memorials had been raised. (Applause.) Having made these observations, he would conclude by again repeating that it was as a member for the city that he appeared before them, and that the object in view was one which ought to be dear to the people of the countries of the world. (Cheers.)
Baron DE ROTHSCHILD, M.P., who was much applauded when he rose to address the meeting, seconded the resolution with great pleasure, for he was of opinion that the arrangements for the proposed exhibition ought to be on a scale commensurate with the importance of the occasion. After adverting to the great advantages likely to result from the exhibition to arts and manufactures, and the benefits it was calculated to produce by confirming amongst different nations the blessings of peace, he said he had heard it stated that some manufacturers asked what advantage they would derive from showing their products if they did not get the prizes? A very complete and practical answer might be given to that question. He was present at the great exhibition in Paris, and heard a variety of orders given for articles there exhibited, and he was convinced that the exhibition now contemplated would have the effect of insuring a great many orders to our manufacturers. (Hear, hear.) The resolution stated that the arrangements made for the exhibition ought to be upon a scale commensurate with the importance of the occasion. That result depended on themselves; and one of the principal objects of the present meeting was expressed in the resolution, for it was an appeal to them to contribute largely and generously. (Hear, hear.) He trusted that the great city of London would show by the list, which would shortly be read, to the other cities and towns of the country that its subscriptions were in proportion to the importance of the enterprise. (Applause.) With respect to voluntary contributions, he referred to the subscriptions raised for Hamburgh after the conflagration there, and for Ireland during the time of famine, and observed that the manner in which they were dispensed proved that voluntary contributions could be expended as properly and efficiently as funds granted by Government, and to the distribution of which Government attended. He was happy to observe that the parties who had taken an active part in reference to the subscriptions for the Irish famine were likely to take an appealing to those present to exert their interest with all they were connected with in order that the funds might be as large as possible. All depended on the scale of the exhibition, and if the scale were not large the exhibition would prove a failure, to the regret of every person in the metropolis. It was only, then, by beginning generously and setting a good example that they could succeed. (Applause.)
The resolution was carried unanimously.
Lord R. GROSVENOR proposed the fourth resolution: --
"That a public subscription be immediately commenced throughout this metropolis; and that, as the undertaking is of a national character, all classes be earnestly solicited to contribute thereto."
He said he thought he owed some apology for presenting himself there, for, though he was greatly honoured by being one of the representatives of the metropolitan county, he had not yet had the good fortune to earn the freedom of the city. ("Hear, hear," and laughter.) So much had already been said on the merits and practicability of the plan that there were only a few observations left for him to make. The project recommended itself principally to him from the Christian view it took in the promotion of permanent and universal peace. (Hear, hear.) Then, in respect to an economic point of view, he observed that the true principals of commercial economy were, according to the admission of persons of all parties, laid down in the celebrated London petition of 1819, to the effect that as in every country the soil, climate, and industry did to a certain extent differ, certain commodities being produced better in one country than in another, it would be advantageous that this should be rightly ascertained, in order that the general commerce throughout the world might derive the greatest advantage, by being enabled to obtain all these different commodities at the cheapest possible rate. Up till a late period very false and erroneous notions had prevailed and had been put in practice by all nations in respect to commercial and manufacturing matters, so that an artificial state of things had grown up. It was important, then, in returning to more sagacious views on this subject that the utmost caution should be maintained, and to retrace their steps wisely it was necessary to have full information; and a better beginning on this subject could not be made than by inviting the people of all nations to come together, and to exhibit together the various products of their soil, climate, capital, and industry, before strictly impartial judges in public view. (Hear.) This would tend to remove prejudices and asperities, for they all knew that when people became better acquainted the bad opinion they entertained of each other before was eradicated. With respect to the resolution, if he had any doubts as to the popularity of the proposed appeal to the pocket, they must have been dispelled by the speech of his hon. Friend Mr. Baring, who declared that the citizens would be perfectly ready to put their hands in their pockets and respond to the appeal. In proposing the resolution he begged the meeting to bear in mind the remark of Mr. Cotton, that it was not by large contributions, but by universal contributions, that the required sum could be made up; and he trusted that no one would be terrified from subscribing in consequence of the large sums which the worthy alderman on his right (Mr. Alderman Humphery, who was at the time assisting in preparing the list of subscribers) was putting down. He was happy to hear that one house in the city intended to confer a prize of 500l. For the best production in some particular article of cloth-- namely, the house of Mr. Sheriff Nicoll, and he trusted that that example would be followed. (Hear, hear.)
Mr. Alderman SALOMONS seconded the resolution, expressing his hope that every one, from Her Majesty to the humblest mechanic, would take part in the subscription, as the proposition was one of a national and excellent character, and would cause the year 1851 to contrast very remarkably with the years 1848 and 1849, during which so many violent struggles had occurred.
The resolution was carried unanimously.
The Governor of the Bank proposed the fifth resolution: --
"That this meeting pledges itself, individually and collectively, to use its utmost exertion to forward the subscriptions and to promote the success of the exhibition; and that the several bankers of the metropolis be requested to receive subscriptions, and to pay the same into the Bank of England, in the names of the treasurers appointed by the Royal Commission."
He said, that having on a recent occasion fully expressed himself in that hall in reference to the proposed exhibition, he would now only say that the more he reflected on the subject the more satisfied he was of the utility of the undertaking (hear, hear), and that it would afford a satisfactory stimulus to industry and tend to promote friendly feelings and wholesome emulation between this and foreign nations. (Applause.) He felt confident that the year 1851 would be an epoch in the annals of productive history; and that future generations would ark that year as one in which had taken place a greater advance in skill, taste, invention, and enterprise, than in any preceding. Perhaps he ought not to be the person to move the latter part of the resolution, directing they money to be paid into the Bank of England; but he assured the meeting that the money would be securely taken care of in that establishment, and be always ready when required by the treasurers. ("Hear," and laughter.)
Mr. LABOUCHERE, M.P., seconded the resolution. He said, that he had been desired by the Lord Mayor to take part in the present discussion, and being in the Mansion-house he could not do otherwise than submit to his Lordship's authority. ("Hear," and laughter.) Though he had listened to the eloquent speeches which had been made with great satisfaction, he confessed he had listened with still greater to the statement just read by the secretary. [The right hon. gentleman's allusion was to be a long list of subscribers' names which had been read to the meeting by one of the hon. secretaries for the city district, Mr. D. Wise. The principal names and the amount of subscriptions will be found given at the end of this report.] He felt that on occasions like the present certain figures of arithmetic were worth all the figures of speech. (Cheers and laughter.) He was therefore glad to see so good an earnest given, by the amount of the subscriptions, that the city of London would come forward with its wonted liberality and spirit, and set an example to others worthy of the scheme now before them. (Hear, hear.) That scheme was unexampled in magnitude, novelty, and design. It had been stated in truth, that they owed the original proposition to the intelligent public spirit of the illustrious Prince Albert, who had put himself forward on this as on every occasion likely to conduce to public advantage. (Hear.) That illustrious Prince, with the Society of Arts, originated this scheme, and it had been taken up by the country; but there came from all parts a strong expression of feeling that, as this public scheme depended for support on public feeling, it should not be entrusted to any society, however meritorious, but ought to be taken up in a public manner and by public and recognized instruments. The Royal Commissioners then, acting in deference to the public feeling, had done away with those preparatory arrangements which had been originally made, and had now taken the whole burden on themselves -- throwing themselves in the most unqualified manner on the liberality of the country for support. (Applause.) In this he thought the commissioners had acted rightly, though at the same time he considered that the public at large were indebted to the Society of Arts for their original exertions in bringing this plan before the public and in smoothing down preparatory difficulties. (Hear.) The whole of this scheme was now under the control of the Royal Commissioners, and they depended for the means of adequately carrying out the object upon the degree of support they received form the country at large. He had no doubt that they would receive proper support, and that all classes would feel pride in seeing carried out, in an efficient manner, a plan which he believed would redound to the honour of the country, and prove beneficial in promoting the arts and manufactures of all countries in the world, knitting likewise nations in bonds of peace and harmony by facilitating the interchange of their products. (Applause.) He could not too strongly express his opinion that the true interest and policy of this country was not to view these things in a narrow, contracted, and jealous spirit, but to feel assured that the more widely the arts of peace were diffused, the more civilization and prosperity were extended, the more prosperous must be a country like England. (Hear.) He had no fear that Englishmen would be left behind in the race of nations; and he thought that this friendly interchange -- this contest, not of injurious ambitions, but in the arts of peace -- had a direct tendency to increase the general civilization and industry of the world. (Applause.) From that industry and civilization this country would derive not, he was happy to say, exclusive benefit, but, he believed, full benefit. (Hear, hear.) In promoting the present scheme the people of this country would not only be advancing their own individual advantage, but the general prosperity and benefit of the whole civilized world. (Applause.) It was gratifying to him to see so large and respectable a meeting within that hall on this occasion, and to observe the general harmony and good feeling which prevailed. (Hear, hear.) He hoped this was an augury of the feeling which would prevail throughout the country, and that they would all act with a spirit of conciliation in promoting the object in view; and then he had no fear but that the year 1851 would be marked by the successful carrying out of an object which he believed would confer the most important benefits on this country and the civilized world. (Applause.)
Earl GRANVILLE supported the resolution. He felt it a great compliment that the Lord Mayor should request him to address that meeting, for, as being generally interested in the success of the exhibition of 1851, he had been most anxious to attend upon an occasion of this kind the present very great meeting, held in the metropolis of this country, and he might almost say in the metropolis of the commercial world. He must observe that, judging from the spirit exhibited there that day, from the nature of the speeches and the amount of the subscriptions, the city would set a great example, which he hoped would be followed in every part of the united kingdom. (Hear, hear.) The object of the proposed exhibition, and the advantages likely to be derived from it, had been so clearly stated that he should not trespass on their time by going over the same ground. But there was one point with respect to which hardly full justice had been done -- he alluded to the great magnitude of the undertaking now commenced. (Hear.) There had been exhibitions in foreign nations, at Paris, Berlin, and Moscow, all attended with great advantage to those countries, and patronized by the different Governments existing there. By learning what had taken place at those exhibitions we had derived considerable assistance with reference to the course we must pursue. But in one point they would leave us still at a loss. Taking the exhibitions at Paris for example (and he dared say many gentleman present had read the valuable report of Mr. Wyatt on the subject), it was clear that those exhibitions had increased gradually, and that the immense building erected for them had been crowded with individuals anxious to see the productions. But France, that powerful and in some respects very rich country, was not distinguished preeminently as a commercial and manufacturing country, whereas this nation was quite pre-eminent in those respects. Our colonies were in every quarter of the globe, our commercial relations took us to ever part of the world, and our produce was unexampled in variety, notwithstanding the limited space of the united kingdom. (Hear.) We had not done, however, what France had done, limited the exhibition to products of our own, but had opened it to all the countries of the world; and few persons scarcely could picture the extent and effect of such a magnificent undertaking. (Applause.) It might be thought indiscreet to advert to the difficulties of such an undertaking, but he thought otherwise; for he believed that the people of England, with their energy, accumulated capital, and other circumstances, would, if difficulties existed, be only stimulated by them to assist in the most efficient way those who undertook to carry out the exhibition to a successful issue. (Cheers.)
The resolution was carried unanimously.
Mr. S. J. LOYD moved a vote of thanks to the Lord Mayor for his kindness in calling the meeting together, and for his courtesy on the occasion, which motion he felt sure would be carried by acclamation. The hon. gentleman then expressed his concurrence in the objects of the meeting, and his confidence that they would be carried out in a manner worthy of this great and rich nation. This great undertaking had now arrived at a very important stage. It was no longer necessary for them to discuss its character or expediency; on these points the pubic were united. The scheme now went forth to the world stamped by the approbation and recommendation of our gracious Sovereign, as expressed in the act constituting the Royal Commission, and as further proved by the munificent donation with which she had headed the subscription. It was further stamped with the continued support of her illustrious Consort, whose original suggestion it was, and who had already alluded to in terms not more complimentary than he deserved; for those who wished to know his true character should see him seated at the council board, and observe his capacity for conducting complicated public business with sagacity, perseverance, and energy. ("Hear," and applause.) Beyond this the project went forth sanctioned by the authority of the Ministers of this country, as evidenced by their advising the Crown to issue the Royal Commission, and by their presence on its occasion, through which so much weight was given to the proceedings of the day. (Hear, hear.) It was still further sanctioned by the recorded resolutions of the people of England assembled in almost every great district of the empire, and lastly, by the two great meetings held in the Egyptian-hall. Let the people then consider what under these circumstances had been done. The honour of the Crown and the good faith of the country stand morally pledged to the world to see this great undertaking carried out. (Cheers.) This country had issued its solemn invitation to other nations of the world to send here the productions of their industry and ingenuity for exhibition, and had encouraged the various inhabitants of those nations to come in good time to our hospitable shores as guests, that they might witness the exhibitions prepared for them. This, then, might justly be called the great Olympian festival of modern times. This undertaking, since the determination put to the contract, was unquestionably national in its character and based on the support of national sympathies, and it was for the people by their contributions to enable it to be carried out in a manner consistent with their wishes. (Hear, hear.) They all remembered that the gallant Captain of the age had declared on one occasion that "England could have no little war." Might he not adapt that observation to the present occasion, and say, "England could have no little exhibition"? The hon. gentleman concluded by proposing the vote of thanks to the Lord Mayor.
Sir J. DUKE seconded the motion, feeling pride and satisfaction that the use of that hall had been twice afforded for so noble a purpose as that for which they were now assembled. He trusted that the corporation of London would be no less anxious in their public character to give support to the objects in view.
The notion was carried by acclamation; and,
The LORD MAYOR returned thanks. He felt great honour in presiding over that meeting, which had far exceeded his expectations. It had been, indeed, a most liberal meeting in the way of subscriptions. Nevertheless, the secretary was still ready to receive more names, and he had no doubt his friend Mr. Wire would have further announcements to make of the names of subscribers.
* In the course of the meeting a long list of subscriptions was read by Mr. Wire, amounting in the whole to upwards of 10,000l. The following is an enumeration of some of the principal subscribers, headed by the names of the Queen and Prince Albert:-- Her Majesty the Queen, 1,000l.; the Prince Albert, 500l.; Lord John Russell, M.P., 100l.; Marquis of Lansdowne, 100l.; Sir G. Grey, M.P., 100l.; Sir C. Wood, M.P., 100l.; Lord Granville, 100l.; Right Hon. H. Labouchere, M.P., 100l.; Sir J. Hobhouse, M.P., 100l.; S. J. Loyd and Co., 500l.; Mr. J. Bates, 500l.; Mr. T. Baring, M.P., 500l.; Mr. Louis Loyd, 500l.; Baron L. de Roshschild, M.P., 500l.; Sir A. Rothschild, 500l.; Mr. S. Gurney, 500l.; Mr. A. smith, 500l.; Messrs. Morrison, Dillon, and Co., 250l.; the Wbbw Yale Company, 250l.; Peto and Betts, 250l.; Barclay and Perkins, 200l.; Miss Burdett Coutts, 200l.; Baker, Tucker, and Co., 200l.; Mr. T. Cubitt, 100l.; Mr. W. Cubitt, M.P., 100l.; Dent, Allcroft, and Co., 100l.; Masterman, Peters, and Co., 100l.; Glyn, Hallifax, and Co., 100l.; Roberts and Co., 100l.; Smith, Payne, and Co., 100l.; Williams, Deacon, and Co., 100l.; Prescott, Grote, and Co., 100l.; Burnett, Howe, and Co., 100l.; Currie and Co., 100l.; Mr. George Peabody, 100l.; Thompson, Foreman, and Co., 100l.; Lord R. Grosvenor, 100l.; Sir E. Antrobus, 100l.; W. and T. Devas and Co., 100l.; Mr. J. Marjoribanks, 100l.; Mr. Caulthrust, 50l.; Mr. Marjoribanks, jun., 50l.; Mr. Forster, M.P., 50l.; Mr. A. Caldecott, 50l.; Mr. J. P. Bull, 50l.; Inglis and Wakefield, 50l.; Mr. W. Cotton, 25l.; the Right Hon. the Lord Mayor, 52l.10s.; Mr. D. Salomons, 52l.10s.; Alderman Humpherey, M.P., 10l.10s.; Sir J. Duke, M.P., 10l.10s.; Alderman Hooper, 10l.10s.; Alderman Finnis, 10l.10s.; Alderman and Sheriff Nicoll, 10l.10s.; Apsley Pellatt and Co., 21l.