<Next Section>

Foreword to "The Complete Works of Han Fei Tzŭ with Collected Commentaries"

The Works of Han Fei Tzŭin the remote past had Yin Chi-chang's Commentary1 as mentioned in the Records of Arts and Letters in the History of T`ang.2 The number of the books was not recorded most probably because the Commentary has been lost long before. During the Yüan Dynasty (a.d. 1279-1367) Ho Huan said that Li Tsan's Commentary3 had been in existence. Yet Li Tsan's life and work can no longer be traced. The edition which appeared during the Ch`ien-tao period (a.d. 1165-1173) 4 of the Sung Dynasty (a.d. 960-1279) bears no name of the editor. Nobody has as yet disclosed the anonymity. All the quotations and citations from Han Fei Tzŭ's Works as found in the T`ai-p`ing Imperial Library,5 the Literary Works on Facts and Varieties,6 and Classical Selections for Beginners,7 coincide with the text of the Ch`ien-tao edition. If so, the anonym must have lived before the Sung Dynasty.

As regards these early commentaries, they do not completely cover the whole works of the author, and, moreover, contain mistakes and errors. Nevertheless, these pioneering efforts have proved exceedingly helpful to scholars of recent times. Accordingly, I have juxtaposed the various commentaries and from place to place interposed my own viewpoints among them. In consequence, I have compiled the present work, The Complete Works of Han Fei Tzŭwith Collected Commentaries, in which the author's text is largely based on the Ch`ien-tao edition whose errors are corrected and hiatuses are supplied in accordance with the contents of other editions.

Wang Hsien-shen.
First Winter Month, 21st Year of Kuang-hsü (November, 1895).


<Next Section>
IATHPublished by The Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities, © Copyright 2003 by Anne Kinney and the University of Virginia