Museum Educational Site 
Licensing Project: Content Selection Working Group

MESL Content Selection
George Eastman House

Second Distribution-- List of Available Photographers



MAKER: Annan, Thomas	ACTIVE: 1857-1887

NATIONALITY: Scottish	LIFE DATES: 1829-1887
NAME VARIATIONS: Annan
Annan, Thomas J.


DATE/PLACE OF BIRTH:	Scotland, Fife
DATE/PLACE OF DEATH: December 14, 1887	Scotland, Lenzie
SEE ALSO: Annan, T. & R., & Co.
Berwick & Annan


AFFILIATIONS: Architectural Photographic Association 



------------------------------------------------------------------------
---- 
G =GEH Catalog Records (41)	H =HRC Catalog Records (109)
I = (43) Institution(s) of the 591 surveyed report holdings by this 
maker. 

E =EXHIBITION HISTORY (10)

BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES (ALL):
Obituary. --British Journal of Photography,-- (Dec. 23, 1887) p. 803. 
Harker, Margaret F. "Annans of Glasgow." --British Journal of 
Photography, --Vol. 120, no. 5908. (October 19, 1974), pp. 966-969. 

BIOGRAPHIC NOTES:
Annan and his brother, Robert, were partners. His sons, John and J. 
Craig, were also photographers who joined the firm after their 
father's death. Annan was commissioned to photograph the slums of 
Glasgow to raise public awareness and to derive support for the 
urban renewal project underway. (Borcoman 1993) 

ADDRESS:
Scotland, Glasgow -- 200 Hope Street (1863) 

PLACE(S)/PERIOD(S) ACTIVE:
Scotland, Glasgow
Scotland, Hamilton

ROLE(S):
photographer

BIB CODES (ALL):
Macmillan, 1983	ICP, 1984	.GEHlib
Sobieszek, R. 1976 Scottish Nat Por1986 Gernsheim, H. 1951 
Borcoman, J. 1993
DU56 A6131	M GEH: GEH SHOT:	HRC: HRC SHOT:	1471



MAKER: Atget, Eugne	ACTIVE: 1898-1925

NATIONALITY: French	LIFE DATES: 1857-1927
NAME VARIATIONS: Atget, Jean-Eugne-Auguste 



DATE/PLACE OF BIRTH: February 12, 1857	France, Libourne
DATE/PLACE OF DEATH: August 4, 1927	France, Paris
SEE ALSO:



AFFILIATIONS:



------------------------------------------------------------------------
---- 
G =GEH Catalog Records (494) - ALL H =HRC Catalog Records (26) I = 
(94) Institution(s) of the 591 surveyed report holdings by this 
maker. 

E =EXHIBITION HISTORY (10)

BIOGRAPHIC NOTES:
Newhall indicates year of Atget's birth as 1856. Other sources list his 
life dates as 1857-1927. Atget was born in Libourne and spent his 
childhood in Bordeaux. He was orphaned at age five and was raised 
by his grandparents. In 1878, he began acting in Paris. In 1890 Atget 
began photographing professionally and by 1897, he had begun his 
documentation of medieval Paris.

ADDRESS:
France, Paris

PLACE(S)/PERIOD(S) ACTIVE:
France, Paris

ROLE(S):
photographer

BIB CODES (ALL):
Macmillan, 1983	ICP, 1984	Contemporary P, 1982
.GEHlib	.GEHIF	Contemporary P, 1988
Newhall, B. 1964	Camera Gothica, 1993 Szarkowski & H. 1985
Leroy, Jean 1962	Abbott, Berenice1940 Leroy, Jean 1975
Abbott, Berenice1964



MAKER: Beato, Felice	ACTIVE: ca. 1854-ca.1885

NATIONALITY: British	LIFE DATES: ca. 1825-1903
NAME VARIATIONS: Beato, F.
Beato, Felice A.
Beato, Felix
Beatto, Felice
DATE/PLACE OF BIRTH:	Italy, Venice
DATE/PLACE OF DEATH:	Egypt, Luxor
SEE ALSO: Robertson & Beato



AFFILIATIONS:



------------------------------------------------------------------------
--- 
G =GEH Catalog Records (20)	H =HRC Catalog Records (26)
I = (46) Institution(s) of the 591 surveyed report holdings by this 
maker. 


BIOGRAPHIC NOTES:
Beato is said to have become a naturalized English citizen, although 
investigation by Colin Osman has failed to substantiate that claim. 
Osman therefore refers to Beato as Italian. Beato is often given credit 
for work signed "A. Beato" which, in fact, is the work of his brother, 
Antoine. His sister, Maria Matilde, was married to James Robertson, 
the Scottish photographer and Beato's one-time partner. Beato is also 
said to have sold a studio in Yokohama, Japan, to Baron Stillfried in 
1877.
Life dates provided by Will Stapp, 5/94. .
Year of death provided by Canadian Centre for Architecture. 

PLACE(S)/PERIOD(S) ACTIVE:
Greece	1853-54
Japan	c. 1863
Egypt
India	1858

ROLE(S):
photographer, calotypes

BIB CODES (ALL):
Macmillan, 1983	ICP, 1984	.GEHlib
Auer, M.& M. 1985 Parry, 1979	Sobieszek, R. 1976
Bernard, B. 1980	Borcoman, J. 1993 New Orleans M, 1979
Osman, C. 1987



MAKER: Bierstadt Bros.	ACTIVE: ca 1850s-1860s

NATIONALITY: American	LIFE DATES:
NAME VARIATIONS:



DATE/PLACE OF BIRTH:
DATE/PLACE OF DEATH:
SEE ALSO: Bierstadt, Charles
Bierstadt, Edward
Bierstadt, Albert

AFFILIATIONS:



------------------------------------------------------------------------
---- 
G =GEH Catalog Records (101)
I = (18) Institution(s) of the 591 surveyed report holdings by this 
maker. 

E =EXHIBITION HISTORY (3)

BIOGRAPHIC NOTES:
The American born Bierstadt brothers, Albert, Charles, and Edward 
are a remarkable family team of landscape photographers. Working 
in the eighteen fifties and sixties throughout New England, and in the 
opening frontier of the West they created an extensive body of 
stereographs. Albert, the most reputable of the trio, was educated in 
Europe from 1853-57 as an artist. Upon returning from Europe in 
1858 he joined a survey expedition of the Rocky Mountains. Painting 
in the style of the German Romantics on large canvaes Albert 
amassed his wealth. The stereo views he and his brothers produced 
are noted for portraying landscape with similar grandeur to Albert's 
paintings. The brothers were succeeded by S.F. Adams in 1866. 


ADDRESS:
US, MA, New Bedford
US, NY, New York (1875)

PLACE(S)/PERIOD(S) ACTIVE:
US, MA, New Bedford	1850s-1866
US, New England	1850s-1860s
US, NH, White Mountains	1850s-1860s
US, Northwest	1860s

ROLE(S):
photographer, stereo views

BIB CODES (ALL):
Darrah, W.C. 1977
BR75 B5890	GEH: GEH SHOT:	HRC: HRC SHOT:	4808



MAKER: Bisson Frres	ACTIVE: 1841-1864

NATIONALITY: French	LIFE DATES:
NAME VARIATIONS: Bisson Brothers



DATE/PLACE OF BIRTH:
DATE/PLACE OF DEATH:
SEE ALSO: Bisson, Auguste-Rosalie
Bisson, Louis-Auguste


AFFILIATIONS: Societe Francaise de Photographie 
Architectural Photographic Association

------------------------------------------------------------------------
------- 
G =GEH Catalog Records (7)	H =HRC Catalog Records (6)
I = (43) Institution(s) of the 591 surveyed report holdings by this 
maker. 

E =EXHIBITION HISTORY (17)

BIOGRAPHIC NOTES:
A partnership of Auguste-Rosalie and Louis-Auguste Bisson, begun in 
1840. Originally they worked in daguerreotype, but switched to the 
negative/positive process around 1850. The brothers specialized in 
large prints (35x45cm)of historic monuments from all over Europe. 
In 1864, the Bisson company was dissolved and Louis-Auguste 
retired. Auguste-Rosalie continued to work in conjunction with Leon 
& Levy, and later for Adolphe Braun.(Camera Gothica, 1993) 

ADDRESS:
France, Paris -- 8 rue Garanciere

ROLE(S):
photographer
photographer, architecture

BIB CODES (ALL):
Camera Gothica, 1993
BI57 B6230	GEH: GEH SHOT:	HRC: HRC SHOT:	5052



MAKER: Bonfils, Flix	ACTIVE: 1867-1885

NATIONALITY: French	LIFE DATES: 1831-1885
NAME VARIATIONS: Bonfils, F.
Bonfils, Paul-Flix


DATE/PLACE OF BIRTH: March 8, 1831	France, St. Hippolyte du Fort
DATE/PLACE OF DEATH: April 9, 1885	France, Alais
SEE ALSO: Bonfils et cie



AFFILIATIONS:



------------------------------------------------------------------------
--- 
G =GEH Catalog Records (125)	H =HRC Catalog Records (5)
I = (64) Institution(s) of the 591 surveyed report holdings by this 
maker. 

E =EXHIBITION HISTORY (2)

BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES (ALL):
Thomas, Ritchie. Bonfils & Son, Egypt, Greece and the Levant; 1867- 
1894. --History of Photography,-- Vol. 3, no. 1. (January 1979). 
Carella, Elizabeth. "Bonfils and His Curious Composite." --Exposure,-- 
Vol. 17, no. 1. (Spring 1979) pp. 26-33. "Felix Bonfils North Africa 
Image ca. 1870." --Creative Camera,-- no. 153. (March 1977) pp. 96-
99.

BIOGRAPHIC NOTES:
Bonfils opened a studio in Beirut in 1867. His son, Adrien, was a 
partner and operated the business until 1894. The firm was bought 
out by Abraham Guiragossian. Bonfils' wife Lydia also was a 
photographer. All views marked "Bonfils" prior to 1878 were taken 
by Felix. 

ADDRESS:
Beruit, Lebanon
France, Saint Hippolyte du Fort

EXHIBITION HISTORY:
1871- presented views of Greece and Near East at the Societe 
Francaise de Photographie and was awarded a medal. 

PLACE(S)/PERIOD(S) ACTIVE:
France, Alais
Egypt, Cairo
Egypt, Alexandria
Lebanon, Beirut	1867-1885

ROLE(S):
photographer, lantern slides
photographer, stereo views

BIB CODES (ALL):
Macmillan, 1983	ICP, 1984	University of NM1976
Rosenblum, N. 1984 University of NM1977
PA78 B7132	M GEH: GEH SHOT:	HRC: HRC SHOT:	5679



MAKER: Braun, Adolphe	ACTIVE: 1855-1877

NATIONALITY: French	LIFE DATES: 1812-1877
NAME VARIATIONS: Braun, A.
Braun, Ad.


DATE/PLACE OF BIRTH: July 13, 1812	France, Besancon
DATE/PLACE OF DEATH: December 31, 1877	France, Dornach
SEE ALSO: Adolphe Braun & Co.



AFFILIATIONS: Societe Francaise de Photographie 
Association Belge de Photographie


------------------------------------------------------------------------
---- 
G =GEH Catalog Records (253)	H =HRC Catalog Records (4)
I = (59) Institution(s) of the 591 surveyed report holdings by this 
maker. 

E =EXHIBITION HISTORY (11)
BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES (ALL):
--Bulletin de la Societe Francaise de Photographie,-- (Jan. 1978). 

BIOGRAPHIC NOTES:
Braun was an artist and entrepeneur especially known for his still 
life and alpine views. His trade list was about 6000 titles. Braun's 
son, Gaston, succeeded his father in the firm of Adolphe Braun & Co. .
Various sources list Braun's year of birth as 1811 or 1812. Warrant 
for July 13, 1812 day of birth is Rosenblum, 1979. 

ADDRESS:
France, Dornach
France, Paris -- 44 rue Cadet (1869)

PLACE(S)/PERIOD(S) ACTIVE:
Alsace, Dornach	1850s-1870s
Europe
Egypt	1869

ROLE(S):
photographer, daguerreotypes
photographer, cartes-de-visite

BIB CODES (ALL):
Macmillan, 1983	ICP, 1984	.GEHlib
Auer, M.& M. 1985 Parry, 1979	Darrah, W.C. 1977
Porter, A. 1972	Rosenblum, N. 1979 Besson, G. 1950
NOR56 B825	M GEH: GEH SHOT:	HRC: HRC SHOT:	6427



MAKER: Cameron, Julia Margaret	ACTIVE: 1863-1879

NATIONALITY: English	LIFE DATES: 1815-1879
NAME VARIATIONS: Pattle, Julia Margaret



DATE/PLACE OF BIRTH: June 11, 1815	India, Calcutta
DATE/PLACE OF DEATH: January 26, 1879	Ceylon, Kawtara
SEE ALSO:



AFFILIATIONS: Linked Ring
Photographic Society
Photographic Society of Great Britain

------------------------------------------------------------------------
---- 
G =GEH Catalog Records (169) - ALL H =HRC Catalog Records (272) I = 
(77) Institution(s) of the 591 surveyed report holdings by this 
maker. 

E =EXHIBITION HISTORY (18)

BIOGRAPHIC NOTES:
Julia Margaret Cameron was born of French aristocracy in Calcutta, 
India, 1815, and was educated in Europe as a young woman. In 1838 
she married the widower, Charles Hay Cameron, who was a Brittish 
dignitary in India. Returning to Freshwater, England in 1848 to make 
their home, Julia Margaret Cameron was given a camera as a gift and 
took up the hobby of family photography. Within a few years time 
she was consumed with a passion to "revolutionize photography and 
make money," according to one of her models. Though the later half 
of this goal was never realized, the graceful portrayal of literary 
themes and striking portraits of the literati of her day settled Mrs. 
Cameron into a place of distinction among Victorian photographers. 
After returning to India where she continued to make photographs 
and portriats of friends and family, she died in Ceylon at the age of 
sixty four.



ADDRESS:
England, Freshwater (Isle of Wight) (1864) 

ROLE(S):
photographer


BIB CODES (ALL):
Macmillan, 1983	ICP, 1984	Newhall, B. 1964
Gernsheim, H. 1975 Hill, Brian 1973	Borcoman, J. 1993
Rosenblum, N. 1994 Fagan-King, J. 1986
CH33 C182	W F GEH: A GEH SHOT: Y HRC: HRC SHOT:	8390



MAKER: Coburn, Alvin Langdon	ACTIVE: ca 1890-1966

NATIONALITY: British	LIFE DATES: 1882-1966
NAME VARIATIONS: Coburn, A.L.



DATE/PLACE OF BIRTH: June 11, 1882	US, MA, Boston
DATE/PLACE OF DEATH: October 23, 1966	Wales, Rhos-on-Sea
SEE ALSO:



AFFILIATIONS: Photo-Secession
Linked Ring
Royal Photographic Society
Pictorial Photographers of America
------------------------------------------------------------------------
---- 
G =GEH Catalog Records (19204)	H =HRC Catalog Records (79)
I = (87) Institution(s) of the 591 surveyed report holdings by this 
maker. 

E =EXHIBITION HISTORY (44)	C =EXHIBITIONS
CURATED/JURIED (6)

BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES (ALL):
Coburn, Alvin Langdon. --Alvin Langdon Coburn, Photographer: An 
Autobiography.-- ed. by Helmut and Alison Gernsheim, New York: 
1966. DiFederico, Frank. "Alvin Langdon Coburn and the Genesis of 
Vortographs." --History of Photography,-- (October-December 1987). 

BIOGRAPHIC NOTES:
Coburn received his first camera as a gift for his eighth birthday. He 
later studied photography with his cousin, F. Holland Day, 1898, and 
worked in the studio of Gertrude Kasebier, 1902-1903. In 1912 he 
emigrated to Britain and became a naturalized citizen, 1932. Coburn 
abandoned photography, 1922-1925, but resumed photographic 
activity on a visit to Madeira, Spain, 1956-1957. A founder of the 
Pictorial Photographers of America, 1916, he was elected an 
honorary fellow of the Royal Photographic Society in 1931.

ADDRESS:
US, MA, Boston -- 827 Boylston St. (1901) US, NY, New York -- 384 
5th Ave. (1904)
England, Hammsersmith -- 9 Lower Mall (1915) US, MA, Boston -- 34 
Upton St. (1901)
PLACE(S)/PERIOD(S) ACTIVE:
US, CA, Los Angeles	1890
US, MA, Boston	1890s-1900s
England, London	1904-1909, 1912-1928
US, CA	1910-1911

ROLE(S):
photographer

BIB CODES (ALL):
Macmillan, 1983	ICP, 1984	Contemporary P, 1982
.GEHlib	Parry, 1979	.GEHIF
Homer, W.I. 1983
RS01 C658	W M GEH: GEH SHOT: Y HRC: HRC SHOT:	10372



MAKER: Dayal, Lala Deen	ACTIVE:

NATIONALITY: Indian	LIFE DATES: 1844-1910
NAME VARIATIONS:



DATE/PLACE OF BIRTH:	India, Sardhana
DATE/PLACE OF DEATH:
SEE ALSO:



AFFILIATIONS:



------------------------------------------------------------------------
---- 
G =GEH Catalog Records (5)
I = (13) Institution(s) of the 591 surveyed report holdings by this 
maker. 

E =EXHIBITION HISTORY (1)
BIB CODES (ALL):
ICP, 1984	Praus, E. 1973
LK86 D274	GEH: GEH SHOT:	HRC: HRC SHOT:	12983



MAKER: Du Camp, Maxime	ACTIVE: 1849-1851

NATIONALITY: French	LIFE DATES: 1822-1894
NAME VARIATIONS:



DATE/PLACE OF BIRTH: February 8, 1822	France, Paris
DATE/PLACE OF DEATH: February 9, 1894	Germany, Baden-
Baden
SEE ALSO:



AFFILIATIONS:



------------------------------------------------------------------------
---- 
G =GEH Catalog Records (29)
I = (20) Institution(s) of the 591 surveyed report holdings by this 
maker. 

E =EXHIBITION HISTORY (3)
BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES (ALL):
McCauley, Elizabeth Anne. "The Photographic Adventure of Maxime 
Du Camp." --Perspectives on Photography.-- Austin: University of 
Texas at Austin, 1982. pp. 19-51.

BIOGRAPHIC NOTES:
Maxime Du Camp was born in Paris, 1822. As a young, wealthy, 
journalist he became interested in the use of photography in the 
study of exotic monuments and landmarks, traveling throughout the 
Orient and Mediteranian lands on several extnsive expeditions which 
took place in the late 1840s and throughout the 1850s. The calotypes 
he made during an excursion to Egypt in 1849 are noted for the 
incorporation of the "human yardstick" to portray scale. Throughout 
his life Du Camp was productive as a writer and before dying in 
Germany, 1894, had established further reputation as an 
accomplished poet, novelist, and art critic.


PLACE(S)/PERIOD(S) ACTIVE:
Orient	1844-45
Egypt, Nubia, Palestine, Syria	1849-50
Sicily	1860

BIB CODES (ALL):
Macmillan, 1983	ICP, 1984	.GEHlib
Auer, M.& M. 1985 .GEHIF	Jammes & Janis 1983
Newhall, B. 1964	Becchetti, P. 1978 Borcoman, J. 1993
LD52 D822	M GEH: GEH SHOT:	HRC: HRC SHOT:	14763



MAKER: E. & H.T. Anthony & Co.	ACTIVE: 1852-1901

NATIONALITY: American	LIFE DATES:
NAME VARIATIONS: Anthony & Co.
Anthony, E. & H.T., & Co.


DATE/PLACE OF BIRTH:
DATE/PLACE OF DEATH:
SEE ALSO: Anthony, E.
Anthony, H.T.
Anthony, R.A.

AFFILIATIONS:



------------------------------------------------------------------------
---- 
G =GEH Catalog Records (571)	H =HRC Catalog Records (19)
I = (58) Institution(s) of the 591 surveyed report holdings by this 
maker. 

PT =PHOTOGRAPHIC TECHNOLOGY RECORDS (12) 

E =EXHIBITION HISTORY (7)


BIOGRAPHIC NOTES:
The largest supplier of photographic materials in America, the
Anthonys had a trade list of 11,300 titles. Established in 1842 under 
the name E. Anthony. In 1862 the company changed its name to 
Edward & Henry T. Anthony. In 1877 it was incorporated as the E. & 
H.T. Anthony & Co. In 1902 it merged to form Anthony & Scovill. (see 
also) In 1907 the company name was changed to Ansco. (see also) A 
1928 merger with Agfa formed Agfa-Ansco. (see also) In 1943 the 
company resumed the name of Ansco. In 1967 the company changed 
its name to G.A.F. Corp. 

ADDRESS:
US, NY, New York -- 122-124 Fifth Avenue US, NY, New York -- 591 
Broadway (1873)

PLACE(S)/PERIOD(S) ACTIVE:
US, NY, New York	1862-1901
US, all regions
South America
Far East


ROLE(S):
manufacturer
publisher, stereo views
publisher, lantern slides

BIB CODES (ALL):
McKeown, 1985	Darrah, W.C. 1977 Photo Beacon 1898N
ST94 A6281	GEH: GEH SHOT:	HRC: HRC SHOT:	1500



MAKER: Gardner, Alexander	ACTIVE: 1850s-1870s

NATIONALITY: American	LIFE DATES: 1821-1882
NAME VARIATIONS:



DATE/PLACE OF BIRTH: October 17, 1821	Scotland, Paisley
DATE/PLACE OF DEATH: December 1882	US, DC, Washington
SEE ALSO: Gardner & Gibson



AFFILIATIONS: Photographers Association of the District of Columbia 
National Photographic Association


------------------------------------------------------------------------
---- 
G =GEH Catalog Records (171)	H =HRC Catalog Records (20)
I = (82) Institution(s) of the 591 surveyed report holdings by this 
maker. 

E =EXHIBITION HISTORY (1)

BIOGRAPHIC NOTES:
When his family moved to Glasgow following his father's death, 
Gardner studied astronomy and chemistry at Glasgow Athenaeum. He 
joined the Glasgow --Sentinel,-- and later became its editor. A 
socialist and an activist for the betterment of the lives of the working 
class, he was a founder of the Clydesdale Community which sought to 
establish a a utopian community in the U.S., modelled on the 
teachings of Robert Owen. The community emigrated to Iowa but 
disbanded due to an epidemic in 1856, the year Gardner emigrated 
with his family. Probably trained in photography before emigration, 
he had little difficulty finding work with Mathew Brady and 
eventually ran the Washington gallery. Originally a portraitist for 
Brady, he later photographed the Civil War. In 1863 he broke with 
Brady over copyright issues and began his own venture that allowed 
photographers to retain copyright and collect royalties. Many of his 
employees were former Brady operators, most notably T.H. 
O'Sullivan. After the war Gardner was commissioned by the UPRR 
eastern division to photograph a proposed railroad route from Kansas 
City to Pacific Ocean. A member of the National Photographic 
Association, he chaired their copyright committee. 

ADDRESS:
US, DC, Washington
PLACE(S)/PERIOD(S) ACTIVE:
US, DC, Washington	1858-1879
US, NY, New York	1858

ROLE(S):
photographer, stereo views

BIB CODES (ALL):
Macmillan, 1983	ICP, 1984	.GEHlib
Parry, 1979	.GEHIF	Darrah, W.C. 1977
Welling, W. 1978	University of NM1976 Wilburn & Treadwell
Newhall, B. 1964	Bush & Mitchell 1994 Cobb, J. 1958
IT38 G225	W M GEH: GEH SHOT:	HRC: HRC SHOT:	19250



MAKER: Jackson, William Henry	ACTIVE: 1867-1942

NATIONALITY: American	LIFE DATES: 1843-1942
NAME VARIATIONS: Jackson, W.H.



DATE/PLACE OF BIRTH: April 4, 1843	US, NY, Keeseville
DATE/PLACE OF DEATH: June 30, 1942	US, NY, New York
SEE ALSO: Jackson & Rinehart
William Henry Jackson & Co.


AFFILIATIONS: Photographic Society of Philadelphia 
Colorado Camera Club
Photographic Exchange Club of Philadelphia Detroit Publishing 
Company
------------------------------------------------------------------------
---- 
G =GEH Catalog Records (1156) - ALL H =HRC Catalog Records (4) I = 
(126) Institution(s) of the 591 surveyed report holdings by this 
maker. 

E =EXHIBITION HISTORY (11)

BIOGRAPHIC NOTES:
Began as a photo-retoucher for C.C. Schoonmaker of Troy, NY, 1858. 
Moved to Frank Mowrey's of Rutland, VT, in 1860. In the army, 
1862-3, returned to photography as a colorist for A.F. Styles of 
Burlington, VT, 1864. As bullwhacker, crossed U.S. and back to 
Omaha, 1866-7, where opened Jackson Bros. studio w/ brother Ed; 
Ira Johnson worked as portrait photographer and brother Fred 
Jackson as studio asst. Built portable darkroom to photograph local 
Indians. 1869 firm commissioned for 10,000 stereoviews of UPRR. 
1870-78 official photog. of USGS under F.V. Hayden; photographed S. 
WY, Yellowstone, CO, Rockies, and lost cities of SW in AZ, NM, UT, and 
CO. 1879 moved to Denver and opened studio at 413 Larimer St. 
1880-1884 partnership with A.E. Rinehart. ca. 1885 established W.H. 
Jackson Photo. and Publishing Co. 1883 photographs Mexico for Mex. 
Central Railway. 1884 returns to Mex. 1885 moved studio to 
Arapahoe St. 1893 photos Columbian Exhib., Chicago, pics later 
published by H. Tammen in --The White City.-- 1894 World's 
Transport. Comm. embarks on world tour, w/ Jackson official photog. 
Jackson Co. bought by Photochrom Co. 1898. Commissioned to paint 
murals of early days of Survey, 1935.

ADDRESS:
US, NE, Omaha
US, CO, Denver

PLACE(S)/PERIOD(S) ACTIVE:
US, NE, Omaha	1867-1869
US, West from Omaha to Utah on U.P.R.R. 1869 US, WY, and 
Yellowstone	1870-1872, 1877-1878
US, CO, Rocky Mountains and south	1873,74,75, & 1879-

ROLE(S):
photographer, stereo views
photographic colorist
photographer, lantern slides

BIB CODES (ALL):
Macmillan, 1983	Parry, 1979	Taft, R. 1964
Newhall & Edkins1974 Jackson, C.S. 1947 Jackson, W.H. 1940 NY57U 
J14	W M GEH: A GEH SHOT:	HRC: HRC SHOT:	26694



MAKER: Muybridge, Eadweard J.	ACTIVE: 1867-1904

NATIONALITY: American	LIFE DATES: 1830-1904
NAME VARIATIONS: Helios
Muggeridge, Edward James
Muybridge, E.J.

DATE/PLACE OF BIRTH: April 9, 1830	England, Kingston-on-
Thames
DATE/PLACE OF DEATH: May 8, 1904	England, Kingston-on-
Thames
SEE ALSO:



AFFILIATIONS:



------------------------------------------------------------------------
---- 
G =GEH Catalog Records (616)	H =HRC Catalog Records (1)
I = (111) Institution(s) of the 591 surveyed report holdings by this 
maker. 

E =EXHIBITION HISTORY (5)

BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES (ALL):
Haas, Robert Bartlett. --Muybridge: Man in Motion.-- Berkeley: 
University of Califorinia Press, 1976.
Hendricks, Gordon. --Eadweard Muybridge: Father of the Motion 
Picture.-- New York: Grossman Publishers, 1975. Falconer, Paul A. 
"Muybridge's Window to the Part: A Wet-Plate View of San Francisco 
in 1877." --California History,-- (Summer 1978). 

BIOGRAPHIC NOTES:
Born Edward Muggeridge, Muybridge left England in the early 1850s. 
He went to San Francisco about 1855 and opened a bookstore. 
Around 1867 he set up a photographic studio, sharing space in the 
"Cosmopolitan Gallery" of Silas Selleck, the former NYC 
daguerreotypist. Muybridge used the pseudonym "Helios" and drove 
a light horse-drawn wagon he called "The Flying Studio." After 
marrying Flora Shallcross Stone around 1872, he killed her lover, 
Harry Larkyns, in October, 1874. Tried in Napa, CA, in February, 
1875, he was acquitted. Commissioned by Leland Stanford to make 
motion studies of horses, Muybridge later extended that work at the 
University of Pennsylvania. 

ADDRESS:
France, Paris -- 9 rue Cadet (1864)
US, CA, San Francisco -- Montgomery Street (1868) 

PLACE(S)/PERIOD(S) ACTIVE:
US, CA, San Francisco	1860s-1870s
US, Northwest
US, PA

ROLE(S):
photographer, lantern slides
photographer, stereo views

BIB CODES (ALL):
Macmillan, 1983	ICP, 1984	Darrah, W.C. 1977
Newhall, B. 1964	Mangan & Mau 1977
IT38 M994	W M GEH: GEH SHOT:	HRC: HRC SHOT:	37641



MAKER: O'Sullivan, Timothy H.	ACTIVE: 1857-1880

NATIONALITY: American	LIFE DATES: 1840-1882
NAME VARIATIONS: O'Sullivan, T.H.



DATE/PLACE OF BIRTH:	Ireland
DATE/PLACE OF DEATH: January 14, 1882	US, NY, Staten Island
SEE ALSO:



AFFILIATIONS:



------------------------------------------------------------------------
---- 
G =GEH Catalog Records (379) - ALL H =HRC Catalog Records (49) I = 
(96) Institution(s) of the 591 surveyed report holdings by this 
maker. 

E =EXHIBITION HISTORY (4)

BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES (ALL):
Baumhofer, Hermine M. T.H. O Sullivan. --Image,-- (April 1953). 
Newhall, Beaumont and Nancy. --T.H. O'Sullivan, Photographer.-- 
Rochester, NY: George Eastman House, 1966. Snyder, Joel. --American 
Frontiers: The Photographs of Timothy H. O'Sullivan, 1867-1874.--
Millerton, NY: Aperture, 1981. Dingus, Rick. --The Photographic 
Artifacts of Timothy O'Sullivan.-- Albuquerque, NM: The University 
of Albuquerque Press, 1982. 

BIOGRAPHIC NOTES:
O'Sullivan and his family came to New York soon after his birth. In 
his teens, he apprenticed in the NYC studio of Mathew Brady. As 
early as 1856 he worked at Brady's Washington, DC, studio which 
was managed by Alexander Gardner. In May, 1861, when Brady 
travelled to Washington to photograph troop encampments, 
O'Sullivan was his assistant. That June, Gardner loaned him as an 
experienced field photographer to a visiting NY photographer. In 
July, he travelled with Brady and Alfred Waud, a magazine 
illustrator, to Bull Run to photograph the battle. 
>From December, 1861, to May, 1862, O'Sullivan photographed 
military 
activities as well as spots of scenic interest in the South. Upon his 
return to Washington he found that Gardner had left Brady and 
struck out on his own. He soon joined Gardner and worked as a 
civilian field photographer through the end of the war. In the years 
1867-1874, O'Sullivan worked as photographer to a number of 
federal surveys in the western and southwestern U.S., except for 
1870 when he joined the Isthmus of Darien (Panama) Survey. He 
contracted to print the Wheeler survey negatives, 1875-76. A 
partner in Wm. J. Armstrong's Washington firm of Armstrong & Co., 
1878-79, he left when appointed photographer to the U.S. Treasury. 
His death was the result of an illness. 

ADDRESS:
US, DC, Washington

PLACE(S)/PERIOD(S) ACTIVE:
US, Southeast	1857-1864
US, 40th parallel	1867-1869
Panama	1870
US, Southwest	1871-1874

ROLE(S):
photographer, stereo views

BIB CODES (ALL):
Macmillan, 1983	ICP, 1984	.GEHlib
Parry, 1979	.GEHIF	Gardner, A. 1959
IT38 O85	W M GEH: A GEH SHOT:	HRC: HRC SHOT:	38909



MAKER: Rejlander, Oscar	ACTIVE: ca 1850s-1870s

NATIONALITY: English	LIFE DATES: 1813-1875
NAME VARIATIONS: Rejlander, O.G.
Rejlander, Oscar Gustav
Reylander

DATE/PLACE OF BIRTH:	Sweden
DATE/PLACE OF DEATH: January 18, 1875	England, London (?)
SEE ALSO:



AFFILIATIONS: Photographic Society
Photographic Society of Great Britain
Amateur Photographen Club, Vienna

------------------------------------------------------------------------
---- 
G =GEH Catalog Records (14)	H =HRC Catalog Records (75)
I = (26) Institution(s) of the 591 surveyed report holdings by this 
maker. 

E =EXHIBITION HISTORY (26)

BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES (ALL):
Photography in and out of the Studio: In Memoriami. --The 
Photographic News,-- (February 5, 1875). Jones, Edgar Yoxall. --
Father of Art Photography: O.G. Rejlander, 1813-1875.-- New York: 
Devon, 1973.

BIOGRAPHIC NOTES:
Oscar Rejlander is known as the "Father of Art Photography." Born in 
Sweeden in 1813, he emigrated to England after studying portrait 
painting in Rome as a young man. He tirelessly championed 
photography as an art form throughout his adult career as a studio 
photographer in London. Rejlander placed his reputation on the line 
often, both with his composite images using more than one negative 
in a print, and with articles he submitted to journals dedicated to the 
perpetuation of art. He remained dedicated and active in the 
photographic community until his death in London in 1875. 


ADDRESS:
England, Wolverthampton -- 42 Darlington St. (1862) England, 
London -- 1 Albert Mansions, Victoria Street (1870) England, London 
-- 129 Maldon Road (1865) 

PLACE(S)/PERIOD(S) ACTIVE:
England, London
England, Wolverhampton

ROLE(S):
photographer

BIB CODES (ALL):
Macmillan, 1983	ICP, 1984	.GEHlib
Parry, 1979	.GEHIF	Welling, W. 1978
Newhall, B. 1964	Porter, A. 1972	Gernsheim, H. 1951



MAKER: Sarony	ACTIVE: ca 1850s-1890s

NATIONALITY: American	LIFE DATES: 1821-1896
NAME VARIATIONS: Sarony, Napoleon



DATE/PLACE OF BIRTH: March 9, 1821	Canada, QUE
DATE/PLACE OF DEATH: November 8, 1896	US, NY, New York
SEE ALSO:



AFFILIATIONS:



------------------------------------------------------------------------
---- 
G =GEH Catalog Records (152)	H =HRC Catalog Records (22)
I = (64) Institution(s) of the 591 surveyed report holdings by this 
maker. 

E =EXHIBITION HISTORY (3)

BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES (ALL):
Obituary. --The Amateur Photographer,-- (December 4, 1896) p. 446. 
"Photographers of the Period from 1833 to 1899." --Camera,-- Dec 
72. "Sarony." --Wilson's Photographic Magazine,-- (January 1897). 

BIOGRAPHIC NOTES:
The son of a lithographer, Sarony went to NYC around 1836 and 
worked as a lithographer for Nathaniel Currier. He formed a 
lithographic firm with Henry B. Major, 1846; in 1857 the partners 
took on Joseph F. Knapp to become Sarony, Major & Knapp. Also 
listed as a daguereotypist in 1857, Sarony apparently made 
lithographs from daguerreotypes. Originally self-taught, he went to 
Europe for artistic training, 1858. In 1864 he apprenticed himself to 
his brother, Oliver Sarony, a noted photographer in Scarborough, 
England. Within a year he opened his own studio in Birmingham, 
England, with Silvestre Laroche, another Canadian-born 
photographer. Returning to NYC in 1866, he then opened a gallery at 
680 Broadway. The studio was moved to 37 Union Square in 1871, 
and to 256 Fifth Avenue about 1885. Especially known for his 
celebrity and theatrical portraits, Sarony supposedly photographed 
30,000 actors and some 200,000 general customers. At his death, the 
studio reportedly contained 500,000 negatives. His will specified that 
his son Otto manage the studio for 15 years (at $75 a week) and the 
profits be split among Sarony's widow, his daughter Belle, and Otto. 

ADDRESS:
US, NY, New York -- 256 Fifth Ave.

PLACE(S)/PERIOD(S) ACTIVE:
US, NY, New York	1850s, 1866-1896
England, Birmingham	1860s
US, NY, Yonkers	1870s-1880s

ROLE(S):
photographer, stereo views
photographer, cartes-de-visite
photographer, cabinet photos
photographer, daguerreotypes

BIB CODES (ALL):
Macmillan, 1983	ICP, 1984	Welling, W. 1978
Rinhart, F.& M. 1967 Newhall, B. 1964	Parry, 1979
New York Tim18961110 Sandweiss, M. 1991 Bassham, B.L. 1978 
Loomis, G.H. 1875 New York Tim18961118
NY57U S346	W M GEH: GEH SHOT:	HRC: HRC SHOT:	45685



MAKER: Talbot, William Henry Fox	ACTIVE: ca 1850s-1870s

NATIONALITY: English	LIFE DATES: 1800-1877
NAME VARIATIONS: Fox Talbot, William Henry 



DATE/PLACE OF BIRTH: February 11, 1800	England, Melbury
DATE/PLACE OF DEATH: September 17, 1877	England, Wilts
SEE ALSO:



AFFILIATIONS:



------------------------------------------------------------------------
---- 
G =GEH Catalog Records (18)	H =HRC Catalog Records (120)
I = (58) Institution(s) of the 591 surveyed report holdings by this 
maker. 

E =EXHIBITION HISTORY (14)

BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES (ALL):
"Talbot's Life and Work." --Camera,-- (September 1976). 

BIOGRAPHIC NOTES:
On October 29, 1852 and April 21, 1858, Talbot took out patents in 
England for photo-mechanical processes; one involving gelatin and 
the other, a screen. He called these "photoglyphs." These processes 
were later developed by other photoengravers. 
Talbot was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge. In 1834, he began 
experimenting with silver nitrate compounds on paper and produced 
his first camera obscura image in 1835. His findings were published 
in 1839, a few weeks after Daguerre's invention was made public. He 
also invented the precursor to photogravure which was patented in 
1852 and 1858. After that time, however, he lost an active interest 
in photography.

ADDRESS:
English, Lacock Abbey Chippenham (1870)

PLACE(S)/PERIOD(S) ACTIVE:
England

BIB CODES (ALL):
Macmillan, 1983	ICP, 1984	.GEHlib
Parry, 1979	.GEHIF	Wilburn & Treadwell
Newhall, B. 1964	Porter, A. 1972	Borcoman, J. 1993
Camera Gothica, 1993 British J 18770928 Bulletin SFP 187711 CH33 
T142	W M GEH: GEH SHOT:	HRC: HRC SHOT:	51125



MAKER: Thomson, John	ACTIVE:

NATIONALITY: Scottish	LIFE DATES: 1837-1921
NAME VARIATIONS:



DATE/PLACE OF BIRTH: June 14, 1837	Scotland, Edinburgh
DATE/PLACE OF DEATH: October, 1921	England, London
SEE ALSO: Ross & Thomson



AFFILIATIONS:



------------------------------------------------------------------------
---- 
G =GEH Catalog Records (54)	H =HRC Catalog Records (3)
I = (46) Institution(s) of the 591 surveyed report holdings by this 
maker. 

E =EXHIBITION HISTORY (1)

BIOGRAPHIC NOTES:
Thomson was best known for his photographs which appeared in --
Street Life in London--, published in twelve monthly installments 
between February 1877 and January 1878, illustrating the life and 
occupations of the London poor. Each installment contained several 
photographs by Thomson printed with the Woodburytype process, 
accompanied by case histories written by Adolphe Smith (also 
Adolphe Smith Headingly), a journalist and trades union activist." 
(Borcoman 1993)

ADDRESS:
England, London -- 141 New Bond St. (1911) 

PLACE(S)/PERIOD(S) ACTIVE:
England, London	1873-
Singapore	1860s
Hong Kong	1860s

ROLE(S):
photographer, documentary

BIB CODES (ALL):
Macmillan, 1983	.GEHlib	Parry, 1979
.GEHIF	Welling, W. 1978	University of NM1976
Newhall, B. 1964	Porter, A. 1972	Borcoman, J. 1993
Doty, R.M. 1957



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Last Modified: Thursday, 01-Feb-1996 11:53:33 EST