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周列國 首句:魯黔婁先生之妻

Warring States after Zhou: The Wife of Qian Lou of Lu

魯黔婁先生之妻也,先生死,曾子與門人往弔之,其妻
出戸,曾子弔之,上堂,見先生之尸在牖下,枕墼席槀,
緼袍不表,覆以布被,手足不盡歛,覆頭則足見,覆
足則頭見,曾子曰,斜引其被則歛矣,妻曰,斜而有餘,不如
正而不足也,先生以不斜之故,能至於此,生時不邪,死而
邪之,非先生意也,曾子不能應,遂哭之曰,嗟乎,先生之終
也,何以為謚,其妻曰,以康為謚,曾子曰,先生在時,食不
充口,衣不盖形,死則手足不歛,旁無酒肉,生不得其美,死
不得其榮,何樂於此而謚為康乎,其妻曰,昔先生,君甞欲
授之政,以為國相,辭而不為,是有餘貴也,君甞賜之粟三
十鍾,先生辭而不受,是有餘富也,彼先生者,甘天下之淡
味,安天下之卑位,不戚戚於貧賤,不忻忻於富貴,求仁而

[ 列女傳卷三 / 三(b) ]
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