KNOWN DRAWINGS AMONG JEFFERSON PAPERS OUTSIDE THE COOLIDGE COLLECTION

Note: p200f1

DRAWINGS IN THE POSSESSION OF THE UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA

The drawings in the Jefferson collection at the University of Virginia were presented to the University by Wilson Cary Nichcolas Randolph, Esq., some time before March 26, 1898. Note: p200f2 They comprised, according to a manuscript list dated April, 1898, and still comprise, the following pieces:

"32 pieces numbered (1-32) in red ink." [In some cases more than one number appears on a sheet.]

"17 pieces numbered "Plate I" to "Plate 15" [and "No. 16" and "No. 17"] in black ink." [The one preceding No. 15, which should be No. 14, is not numbered.]

"10 other pieces bearing drawings."

"13 other pieces with memoranda and calculations only."

[To which are here given the letters a to p. ]

No. 1.: Note: p200m1 Dormitories, W. Range. Plan. One of three variants.
No. 2.: Dormitories, W. Range. Plan. One of three variants.

The third is shown on piece a.

Published in W. A. Lambeth: Jefferson as an Architect, P1. 8.

No. 3.: Note: p200m2 Elevation and section of "Lower Story of Dorick Pavilion." Brown lined coördinate paper (identical with our Paper BD, cf. p. 112). Elevation reproduced in W. A. Lambeth: Op. cit. , P1. 5.
No. 4.: Note: p200m3 An earlier study for No. 30, unfinished. Brown lined coödinate paper.

Probably discarded owing to blotting.

No. 5.: Note: p200m4 Early study for a pavilion and dormitories. Brown lined coördinate paper.

Plan of pavilion and dormitories, published in Lambeth: Op. cit., P1. 5. 2nd story plan of pavilion. Elevation of pavilion and dormitories. Plan of 2nd story and openings upstairs correspond to those of Pavilion VII the one first built.

No. 6.: Note: p201m1 Elevation of pavilions with two-story dormitories. Thin laid paper, watermarked J. WHATMAN. Materials indicated by water-color tints.
No. 7.: Note: p201m2 Bird's-eye view of lawns and ranges without Rotunda. In parallel perspective, on heavy cold pressed paper, rendered in gray tint.

Reproduced in H. B. Adams: Jefferson and the University of Virginia, after p. 13. Adams states, doubtless on the authority of Miss Sarah Nicholas Randolph, that this view was drawn by Jefferson and shaded by his granddaughter, Cornelia J. Randolph.

No. 8.: Note: p201m3 Elevation of the Rotunda. Brown lined coördinate paper.

Reproduced in Lambeth: Op. cit., P1. 17 (photographic facsimile), and in Adams: Op. cit. (woodcut).

No. 9.: (On same sheet with No. 8, to its left.) Section of the Rotunda.

Reproduced in Lambeth: Op. Cit., P1. 15.

Nos. 10, 11: (attached to one another). Plans of the Rotunda. Brown lined coördinate paper.

Reproduced in Lambeth: Op. cit., P1. 16.

No. 12.: "Additional notes for the Library."

Reproduced in Lambeth: Op. cit., P1. 18. Attached to the other side is a small framing diagram for the library roof.

No. 13.: Note: p201m4 "No. I Pavilion. West." Elevation and three plans. Brown lined coördinate paper.

Elevation reproduced in Adams: Op.cit. On reverse: "No.1. The Doric of Diocletian's baths. Chambray," with calculations, etc.

No. 14.: Note: p201m5 "Pavilion No. II Eastern range. Ionic of Fortuna Virilis." Elevation and three plans. Brown lined coördinate paper.

Elevation reproduced in Adams: Op. cit. Notes on back.

No. 15.: Note: p201m6 "Pavilion No. III W. Corinthian Palladio." Elevation and three plans, one with an alternate flap. Brown lined coördinate paper.

Elevation reproduced in Adams: Op. cit. Notes on back.

No. 16.: Note: p201m7 "Pavilion No. IV Doric of Albano." Elevation and three plans. Brown lined coördinate paper.

Elevation reproduced in Adams: Op. cit. Notes on back.

No. 17.: Note: p201m8 "Pavilion No. V W. Palladio's Ionic order with modilions." Elevation and three plans. Brown lined coördinate paper.

Elevation reproduced in Adams: Op. cit. Notes on back.

(Nos. 15 and 17, the second and third pavilions to be built, must be the ones taken from Latrobe's sketches. No difference in technique, either in drawing, or calculation, distinguishes them from the other drawings of the pavilions.)

No. 18.: Note: p201m9 "No. VI East." Elevation and three plans. Brown lined coördinate paper.

Elevation reproduced in Adams: Op. cit. On reverse: "Pavilion No. VI. East. Ionic of the theatre of Marcellus," with notes and calculations.

No. 19.: Note: p202m1 "Pavilion No. VII W. Doric Palladio." Elevation and three plans. Brown lined coördinate paper.

Elevation reproduced in Adams: Op. cit. (Nothing on reverse.)

No. 20.: Note: p202m2 "No.VIII East Corinthian. Diocletian's baths." Elevation and three plans. Brown lined coördinate paper.

Elevation reproduced in Adams: Op. cit. Notes on the back headed "IX Ionic of the temple of Fortuna Virilis."

No. 21.: Note: p202m3 "Pavilion No. IX W." Brown lined coördinate paper.
No. 22.: Note: p202m4 Pavilion No. X East. Elevation and three plans. Brown lined coördinate paper.

Elevation reproduced in in Adams: Op. cit. Notes on the back headed "Pavilion No. X. East. Doric of the Theatre of Marcellus," reproduced in Lambeth: Op. cit., P1. 19. A flap is pasted on beginning "Our pediment," and ending ". . . sensible error." This flap is shown in Lambeth, and not the draft beneath.

No. 23.: Note: p202m5 "C. Hotel. Ionic Dentil." Elevation and three plans. (two stories.) Brown lined coördinate paper.
No. 24.: "Hotel B West." Brown lined coördinate paper.

Plain, unhatched. Elevation and section unfinished.

No. 25.: "Hotel B East." Brown lined coördinate paper.

Two plans. Elevation, one story. Detail of arched window and cornice. Notes on back headed "Hotel A. East. one story, with a flat roof and Chinese parapet."

No. 26.: "Hotel C. West. Proctor's." Elevation and two plans. (One story.) Brown lined coördinate paper.

Notes on back.

No. 27.: "Hotel D East." Elevation and plan. (One story.) Brown lined coördinate paper.

Notes on back.

No. 28.: "Hotel F East." Elevation and three plans. (Two stories.) Brown lined coördinate paper.

Notes on back headed "Hotel C...."

No. 29.: Note: p202m6 "Anatomical Theatre." Elevation and three plans. Brown lined coördinate paper.
No. 30.: Note: p202m7 Plan of lawn with Rotunda. (No. 2 was cut from this piece to permit substitutions.) Brown lined coördinate paper.

Reproduced in Lambeth: Op. cit., Pls. 8, 9. Notes on the left margin, giving precise dimensions of lawn buildings (e.g. 6' 10 1/2") show they were up when this was drawn.

No. 31.: Note: p202m8 Elevation and section of Dormitories. "Scale 31. to the line." Brown lined coördinate paper.
No. 32.: Note: p202m9 Elevation of arcade for E (?) Range. Brown lined coördinate paper with main squares 1.8" on a side.

Lightly tinted. Exceedingly fine lines. Identical in technique with "Plates 1-15," q. v. Notes on back partly in Jefferson's hand, partly in another hand. Drawn by Cornelia J. Randolph.

Note: p203m1 The Plates, 1-15, are identical with each other in material and technique. They are drawn on a heavy paper, without watermark, and are lightly ruled by hand (over the area necessary) with coördinate lines, about ten to the inch, exactly equal in spacing to Jefferson's brown lined coördinate paper. The drawing is in ink, with extremely fine and accurate lines. The lower and left hand lines in plan are often shaded. The elevations, and the solids of the plans, are tinted, with materials and planes brought out, but no shadows are cast except beneath cornices. The columns are modelled both by vertical lines and by a tint. The windows are indicated in a manner unlike that usually found in Jefferson's drawings. The Corinthian capitals are clumsily drawn, but with a different touch than Jefferson's. The authorship seems, then, probably not to be Jefferson's, but it is apparently the same as that of "No. 17," below, and the tinting of number "7," above ( q. v. ). Accordingly, the "Plates" would seem to be from the hand of Jefferson's granddaughter Cornelia J. Randolph.

Note: p203m2

: VIII elevation and one plan"
Pl. 1.: Pavilion VIII Elevation and one plan
Pl. 2.: "Hotel A "
Pl. 3.: "Hotel B " elevation and one plan
Pl. 4.: "Hotel C " elevation and one plan
Pl. 5.: "Hotel D " elevation and one plan
Pl. 6.: "Hotel E " elevation and one plan
Pl. 7.: "Hotel F " elevation and one plan
Pl. 8.: "Pavilion No. 1. " elevation and one plan
Pl. 9.: "Pavilion No. 2. " elevation and one plan
Pl. 10.: Pavilion IV elevation and one plan
Pl. 11.: Pavilions I and II second-story plans
Pl. 12.: Pavilion V elevation and plan
Pl. 13.: Pavilion VI elevation and one plan
Pl. 14. (not numbered): Note: p203m3 First story plan of Poplar Forest, reproduced in Figure 194.
P1. 15.: Garden elevation of Poplar Forest, reproduced in Figure 195.
No. 16.: Note: p203m4 Elevations of two pavilions with adjacent dormitories. Paper 7-1/2 x 9-1/2, unruled. No watermark. Principal shades and shadows indicated in sepia. Drawn by William Thornton. (Cf. p. 187.)

Reproduced in Figure 212.

No. 17.: Note: p203m5 Elevation of Pavilion X. Thin unruled paper, absorbent. Shadows cast and rendered in gray. Windows black with bars ruled in white.

Reproduced in Adams: Jefferson and the University. Adams states that it "was no doubt made by Jefferson's granddaughter, Cornelia J. Randolph."

a.: Note: p204m1 Third variant for range and gardens, showing serpentine walls. (Cf. Nos. 1, 2, 30.) Brown lined coördinate paper.

Reproduced in Lambeth: Jefferson as an Architect, P1. 9.

b.: Note: p204m2 Jefferson's earliest general plan. Plain laid paper.

Reproduced in Lambeth: Op. cit., P1. 4. Notes on other half of sheet, reproduced in Lambeth: Op. cit., P1. 4.

c.: Note: p204m3 Plan of clinical amphitheatre. Brown lined coördinate paper.
d.: "Railing of Terrasses " detail.

Reproduced in Lambeth: Op. cit., P1. 10.

e.: Note: p204m4 "Observatory." Brown lined coördinate paper.

Plan, reproduced in Lambeth: Op. cit., P1. 20.

Notes on back, reproduced in Lambeth: Op. cit., P1. 20.

f.: Observatory. Preliminary plan. Brown lined coördinate paper.
g.: Note: p204m5 "Plan of a clock for the Rotunda."

Reproduced in Lambeth: Op. cit., P1. 20.

h.: Elevation of a Tuscan column.
i.: Fragment of a study for a large plan of the Rotunda. Unfinished.
j.: Note: p204m6 "Architrave of the arches of the dining room" (evidently of Monticello), with a note regarding Mr. Dinsmore.
k.: A paper protractor, home-made.
l.: Note: p204m7 "A garden seat by Mr. Jones. From Chamber's Kew." , (Note in Jefferson's writing, on a drawing not his.)

Plan and elevation with shades and shadows rendered in gray.

m.: Example of rendering a column base in wash, with portion of shaft.

Beautifully executed and inscribed with notes "Light" "Shade" "Reflected Light," etc., in a hand not Jefferson's. Perhaps a model, made (by Mills?) to teach Cornelia Randolph the methods of conventional rendering.

n.: (Note) "Algerine Cement."
o.: "The hewing of stone . . ."
:
p.: Note to Jefferson signed J. Dinsmore, regarding dimensions of the university.


DRAWINGS IN THE POSSESSION OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY

Note: p204m8 Detail of "Tuscan base (and, on back, capital) to a column of 16 I for Porticos of Outchambers, form taken from Gibbs." Monticello. Ink. Full size Jefferson Papers, miscellaneous, undated.

The corresponding notes occur on p. 16 of Jefferson's notebook for Monticello, reproduced in Figure 81.

Note: p204m8 "Sketch of a (Doric) Column 22-1/2 f. high," Monticello. Ink. Scale: four feet to the inch. Jefferson Papers, miscellaneous, undated.

This drawing is discussed on page 29, note 1.

Note: p205m1 Study for the plan of Pavilion VIII, University of Virginia. Pencil. Scale: about ten feet to the inch. Red lined coördinate paper (the same as our Paper BD, cf. p. 112 ). About 1820. Jefferson Papers, miscellaneous, undated.

Note: p205m2 Early study for the plan of pavilion and dormitory units without porticoes or colonnades, University of Virginia. Ink and pencil. Scale: about ten feet to the inch. Brown lined coördinate paper. 1804-05. Jefferson Papers, miscellaneous, undated.

The pavilion, as notes on the margin indicate, was to have a cellar story of ten feet and an upper story of twelve feet; the dormitories a single story of ten feet. The pavilion is divided into three separate suites, two rooms deep, by unbroken walls. There are no stairs. The lines of dormitories strike the middle of the sides of the pavilion. The notes are on a basis of sixteen dormitories for each pavilion, and nine colleges of such units in all. As differing in many features from the scheme outlined in 1810, thenceforth little modified, this drawing is probably antecedent to that date, and may very probably have been made at the time Jefferson was consulted by Mr. L. W. Tazewell in regard to the establishment of a university. (Cf. p. 74, note.) It is thus by far the earliest of all the University drawings.


DRAWING IN THE POSSESSION OF W. K. BIXBY, ESQ.

Rough freehand sketch plan of grounds of Monticello estate, with notes regarding planting of thorns and orchard trees. Ink on laid paper, watermarked 1803.

Jefferson Papers Number 4.

* * * * *

In the plates which follow, the numbers of the figures appear in white, usually in the upper left hand corner of the reproduction.


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Last Modified: Friday, 29-Aug-1997 13:54:06 EDT